Driving is a privilege, but it comes with a price tag. There’s the cost of the vehicle itself, maintenance, repairs, fuel and auto insurance. Many states require you to carry a basic, minimum level of auto insurance. It’s a way of sharing the risks of driving. You pay premiums to an insurance company for coverage. In return, your coverage will protect you against most financial losses that might otherwise be your responsibility to pay.
Auto insurance is more than a matter of insuring your vehicle for loss or repairs after an accident. It is a financial safety net that can help you offset the cost of:

Bodily injuries to yourself or others
Lost wages due to injury
Benefits to survivors when an accident results in death
Lawsuits brought against you as the result of an accident
Repairs made to your car due to damage caused in an accident.
Below you will find information on the basics of auto insurance:

What Is Liability Insurance?
Liability insurance helps protect you and your assets if you cause an injury to others or damage the property of others with your vehicle and you are determined to be liable. Bodily injury liability protects you in the event you are determined to be responsible for an accident in which someone is hurt or killed. Property damage liability covers the damage your vehicle causes to someone else’s property, such as their car, mailbox or a fence on their land.

If you are judged to be legally liable for an accident, you may be held responsible for property damage, hospital and medical payments, rehabilitative care, lost income and even the pain and suffering of the injured person. You can be sued for the full cost of the damages. If the cost of this loss exceeds the amount of your liability insurance coverage,

you may have to pay the rest. So, be sure you have sufficient liability coverage to protect your assets.
Your insurance policy usually describes the amount of liability coverage you have as split limits. Suppose your limits of liability coverage reads 50,000/100,000/50,000. In this example, $50,000 is the maximum the insurance company will pay for bodily injuries to each person in the accident. The maximum amount paid for all bodily injuries, no matter how many people are hurt in the accident, is $100,000. The maximum amount paid for damage to someone else’s property in the accident is $50,000. Your Bodily Injury and Property Damage Liability may also be shown as a single limit, e.g., $100,000 Combined Single Limit (CSL). Many states require drivers to carry a minimum amount of liability insurance of approximately 25,000/50,000/10,000. That means there would be $25,000 to cover injuries to any one person, $50,000 total for all injuries, and $10,000 for property damage.

What Are Collision and Comprehensive Insurance?
Collision coverage pays for damage to your own auto that results from colliding with another vehicle or object, or from a vehicle rollover. Your car is covered no matter who caused the accident.

Comprehensive coverage pays for damage to your auto caused by something other than a collision. This includes theft and vandalism, and disasters such as fire, flood and hail.

Collision and comprehensive coverage’s usually do not pay for the total loss. You generally have a deductible, an amount you must pay out of your own pocket before your insurance payment takes effect. Suppose, for example, that you have a $250 deductible. On a loss of $1,000, you would pay the first $250 and your insurance company would pay the remaining $750. Depreciation will also affect the amount you recover for the damages done to your car. As your car ages and its value declines, the amount you would collect for a total loss declines as well. Your insurance company reimburses you for the actual cash value of your car or its parts, at the time of the loss. For example, if your car was purchased for $20,000, you will get less than your original purchase price to replace it due to the car’s “natural” depreciation in value. You can find out the current value of your car by consulting the N.A.D.A. Official Used Car Guide, which is in most public libraries and banks.

Sometimes it may not make financial sense to buy collision and comprehensive insurance on an older car. Why? Generally, speaking, cars depreciate as they age. The maximum amount that will be paid under Collision coverage is the actual cash value of your car minus the deductible. When making this decision, you need to know, the “book” value of your car, your deductible for each loss, the cost of coverage, and the amount you would receive if your car was “totaled” (after subtracting your deductible from the book value). Only you can decide after considering everything whether the cost of insurance is more economical than the cost of repairing or replacing the car at your own expense.

What Are Medical Payments Coverage and Personal Injury Protection Insurance?
Medical payments insurance covers the cost of doctors, hospitals and funeral expenses of you and/or your passengers, that result from an accident, regardless of who is at fault. This coverage will protect you when you drive another person’s car (with permission) or if you or your family are struck by another vehicle as pedestrians. The coverage is relatively inexpensive and generally available with limits between $1,000 and $100,000. It also provides for funeral expenses, when necessary. The availability varies state by state. Personal injury protection (PIP) is a form of no-fault insurance required in states with no-fault laws. This coverage is a broader form of medical payments insurance. It pays for medical care, lost wages and replacement services for the injured party (for example, paying for a baby-sitter for children while a mother is hospitalized). It pays regardless of who is at fault in an accident. States with no-fault laws usually limit the right to sue for non monetary damages such as pain and suffering, but you still may be able to sue in cases of incapacitating disability or death. This coverage varies by state and is sometimes an optional offering in states without no-fault laws. In your evaluation of coverage, remember that Medical Payments and PIP also protects your passengers. If you exceed your medical medical coverage on your auto policy, then Bodily Injury coverage may be needed. Before choosing medical payments or no-fault protection, check with your state’s insurance department for details of no-fault coverage in your state. Then review your other insurance policies. If you already have good medical and disability insurance, you may not need to purchase protection in addition to the minimum limits of your state (if Medical Payments/PIP is a required coverage).

What Is Uninsured/Underinsured Motorist Protection?
If you are involved in an accident with an uninsured driver, you have very little chance of collecting payment for your damages from that driver. Uninsured motorist (UM) coverage* pays the cost of damages and injuries resulting from being hit by an uninsured driver or by a hit-and-run driver. Both you and your passengers are covered for medical expenses, lost wages and other injury-related losses. You may also be able to collect for pain and suffering.

Similarly, Underinsured motorist (UIM) coverage* will pay for damages that exceed the amount of coverage carried by an underinsured driver. You choose the amount of coverage when you buy this protection.

*Keep in mind that uninsured motorist coverage and underinsured motorist coverage vary by state law.

more ortho




The suction from chewing on these types of foods will wash away the cement that holds the bands on your back teeth. Even if you do not notice loose bands right away, decay could develop under the bands where the cement has washed away.



These types of food will bend archwires, loosen bands and pop off brackets. Popcorn is not allowed. Even though it is not hard, the husks can get lodged between the bands and the gums and can cause inflammation, soreness and could lead to an infection. We also ask that you stay away from mints, and suckers because biting down on them just once could cause damage.

A few more words of advice… Cut or tear foods such as raw vegetables, pizza crust, candy bars, pickles, etc. into bite-size pieces before eating them. Also, don’t bite your fingernails or chew on pens or pencils. Be careful when eating fried chicken and cut corn on the cob off of the cob.

While you are in treatment you are allowed three loose or broken appliances. After the third there will be a charge for each appliance. If you notice that anything is loose or broken, notify us before your appointment so that we can allow for time to repair your appliances or reschedule as necessary.

Although it may seem that “all the good things in life” are on this list, don’t feel deprived! If you will follow our directions your treatment will go smoothly and you will be out of braces before you know it! And remember, our patients are special to us. If you have any questions along the way, feel free to ask – that’s what we are here for.



Braces are not the only way to correct teeth. There are other appliances that are used alone and in conjunction with braces. Each is briefly described below.




The Herbst appliance is used to correct the front to back relationship of the upper and lower jaws. The rod and tube that looks like a shock absorber actually connects the upper and lower jaws to position them forward to encourage growth.


This appliance is used to widen the upper jaw to make more room for your teeth, and to make your upper teeth fit over your lower ones.

This is used to expand your upper teeth. The bands on the back teeth are cemented into place and should not come loose. The wire on the inside of your teeth will gradually make your upper teeth wider, so that we can make more space for your upper teeth. It will be in place for approximately 4 to 5 months, then you will either be given a retainer or proceed with braces.


Your new retainers are made of high strength flexible plastic. They simply hold everything in proper alignment.


Separators do exactly what their name implies. They separate your teeth.

Orthodontists are highly specialized dentists. Their main focus is on the prevention and treatment of “improper bites”. This is an important dental issue, as improper bites can lead to a variety of problems such as tooth irregularities, lop-sided jaws and crooked teeth. Orthodontics was actually the first sub class of dentistry to be recognized as its own specialty field. Generally speaking, it takes two to three years of extra schooling after graduating as a dentist to earn the qualifications to become an orthodontist.

When to Seek Help From an Orthodontist

Like most health related issues, the earlier you catch a dental issue the better. Orthodontic check ups are no exception. It is a widely accepted norm that by the age of at least seven all children should receive some kind of orthodontic evaluation. Many issues that orthodontists deal with can take years to fix and catching them at an early stage could end up saving you hundreds if not thousands of dollars.

Most of an orthodontists work can be classified as shaping the jaw and teeth as they naturally grow in, so it is critical to stop any outstanding problems while your child is still quite young. However, even if as an adult you find out that orthodontic care may be required to fix some anomaly in your jaw or bite, don’t be worried. Orthodontists are highly skilled professionals and they have an impressive arsenal of procedures and tricks to help adults overcome their jaw imperfections. Problems untreated as an adult may result in gum disease and or teeth loss.

Tips For Selecting the Right Orthodontist

Selecting the right orthodontist can be quite a task. If a dentist recommends that you go to see one he or she will probably name a few for you to check out. Also be sure to ask your friends, family, coworkers and any good neighbors for some more recommendations. Beyond that, here are ten tips to make this task less daunting:

Create a list of the recommended orthodontists. Write the names, numbers address etc, then leave some space beside the name for some note taking later.

Find a block of time in your day (aim for between 9am-4pm) and start calling from the top of the list.Make sure you catch the name of the receptionist just in case you need to call back for some reason.

Figure out if you are covered under insurance or benefits and perhaps bring it up when talking to the receptionist.

Check to see if the orthodontist uses all the latest options for braces as well as options for trendy and “cool” accessories. These places will almost always be also using the latest and best equipment.

Be sure to double check their payment policy. Is there an initial deposit required? Is there a payment plan? Will interest be charged?

Ask about a consultation. Many orthodontists will do this to educate you and see if you need their help or not. This can be a great source of information as well as a second opinion.

Check your availability so that if need be you know whether or not you can schedule an appointment with no delays.

After you finish going through your list of numbers, read through it and decide on a few that sounded good and that you would be comfortable with.

Call the ones you like back and schedule a consultation. Remember to ask for the same receptionist you talked to earlier so that you won’t have to repeat everything over again.

During the consultation, be sure to ask lots of questions. A good orthodontist and staff will gladly answer all your questions. The more you know about each office, staff and individual orthodontist, the more informed decision you can make. Orthodontic treatments are usually long term and costly, so it is worth your time to do the research.

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ortho 9/18/17

If you are experiencing serious dental problems and pain or you are just not happy with the way you look and you want your smile to be perfect – you are facing the fact that you are in the need of braces. It is easy to think about it and make a research on this topic, but making a decision to actually go for it – that is something different.
First step in making of the decision is to be honest to your self and to be clear with the reason why are you doing it? Do you have crocked and crowded teeth and/or misalignment jaw? Is it severe medical problem or appearance issue? This is important first of all because of the time limit. If it is medical problem you should deal with it as soon as possible and then money is your first priority. Traditional, metal braces are cheap one. Ceramic braces are slightly expensive but they have some advantage over metal braces. And if there is no pain and medical rush – you can wait and collect enough money to buy ceramic braces.

Second step is to think how long your treatment will last. How long you are going to have strange object in your mouth? You must take in account how braces will feel. It is much different if you are going to have mouth full of metal and wire for a year or you are going to use ceramic braces. Not just for look – it will feel different when you touch it with your tongue. Just remember last time you were at dentist office and you had some works on one of your teeth – did you touch it with your tongue constantly on your way back home? It is normal, we are all doing it. We have something different in our mouth and because we can not have mirror with us all the time and check what is going on, we are using our tongue to examine the changes. Ceramic braces will be friendlier to your tongue than the traditional one. Even with the ceramic braces it will happen in the beginning – you will cut your tongue and inside of your chic few times – but you will get used to it and the cuts will heal. With ceramic braces this happens lot less than with metal ones.
OK, third step – what will people say? How will you look with your braces? Well, ceramic one is barely visible. They are following the colour of your teeth as much as possible. There are no braces that will blend in with your teeth and mouth that much as ceramic braces will. So, if you care how will you look not just after braces but also during the time you are going to use them – think about ceramic one as potentially very good solution.

Ceramic Braces Making a Decision
There is just one more thing you should think about and that is maintenance of your braces. All types of braces require adequate cleaning and your orthodontist will probably provide you with set of toothbrush, floss, wax and all the stuff you need to use regularly. But also, if you have ceramic braces you will have to pay attention to the food and drinks you are taking. You should try to avoid hard food and hard spices, also coffee and red wine. Hard to chew food can harm your braces and spices such as carry can cause discoloration, and your braces can go yellow. Discoloration goes for coffee and red wine, too. It will all be explained to you by your orthodontist. It is not a big deal – you should just pay little bit more attention than usual.
Now, think about this entire one more time, count your money and good luck with your decision. Just remember one thing: no meter the teeth and the jaw – every smile is beautiful, because of what it represents – happiness!

Braces Before and After

If you are starting the process of dental treatment that involves use of braces, you must ask your self what will be the difference with the braces before and after? How will your teeth look compare to the way they look now? Will they be perfect like the smile of some model from the cover of the magazine? Well, one thing is curtain – your teeth will look much better and you will forget all the pain you went through with braces when you see your smile and compare your photos with braces before and after.

No meter what kind of braces you choose to use – at the beginning you will feel pain. It want be easy to eat. Actually it will be very hard to eat at the beginning. You will even have problem to smile! Inside of our mouth is very sensitive, and it will take time for your skin to get use to the brackets (metal or ceramic – is the same). But you can look at it from a little bit optimistic point of view – you will lose your weight! And it is not necessarily bad thing. So, when you compare your look with braces before and after – it want be just the smile that looks much better, it will be your figure, too!

Using braces for some period of time, like a year or two, is not simple. Many people in this situation are facing fear of their look during this period. Fear of how their friends and partners will react. But the truth is that most of the people at some age are using braces. And some use them more then once! So, people understand. Some of your friends will know what you are going through. To the ones that don`t know – you can explain. They are your friends and they will support you. And once when they see your smile and compare – braces before and after – they will be astonished! And as friends, they will be happy for you.

To make sure that your treatment will last as short as possible, take care of your teeth properly. It will take some time for you to get in the routine. The floss threaders can be pretty tricky at the beguiling, for example. But it is important to do it. If you keep your teeth clean and healthy – they will adjust faster. Also risk of cavity is higher when you have your braces on. Cleaning teeth after every meal is a must! But, then again, as soon as you get your braces on and every time you go for change of wire, you will feel the pain and you want be able to chew properly. In these days you should stick with mashed potatoes, sops and other easy to swallow food. Even when the pain is gone, try not to bite sandwiches, for example, but to take small peaces by your hand and then chew it. Be very careful with the lipstick too. It can easily get on your brackets without you noticing it.

Many challenges are before you once you make decision to use braces. It is not easy. Booster can be if you just take a look of some photos of people with braces before and after. They are happy now and satisfied with their dental health and beautiful smile. Soon you will be too.
Rubber Bands for Braces | Ceramic Braces
In correction of crocked and crowded teeth rubber bands for braces are playing important role. Those are small elastic pieces that are used to speed up process of correction of your teeth or jaw. Proper use of rubber bands can shorten period of using braces for one third of the time. It is different from case to case but one third of treatment can be up to a year. So, rubber bands for braces are very useful and important part of your treatment. At some moment of treatment your orthodontist will suggest you to start with the use of rubber band for braces. He/she will explain how it is put on and you will do it your self every day, probably few times in a day. You should wear those 24 hours a day if possible. Do, some people are using them only during night. The role of rubber bands is to use their force and move your teeth in right direction. Depends of what are you trying to achieve: retracts upper teeth, retracts lower teeth, close the space between your teeth, close open bite or line up the centre of the upper and lower front teeth – the position of elastic will be different. It is up to your orthodontist to decide how you are going to use them and for how long. You should try as much as possible to follow his/her instruction.

Problem that you may face when you start the use of rubber bands for braces is that some times it want be easy to place them right. There are some small devices that can help you with it, just ask your orthodontist. Also, it is not easy to eat while wearing elastics. They are very strong – which is good for correction of your teeth – but it makes chewing of food hard. And if you do not take them of while eating, they will lose their elasticity and they can easily snap. If it snaps while in your mouth it will be painful, so be careful with that. Some food can harm rubber bands and make them weaker, so they will lose their efficiency. That is why you should change them every day. That is how you will have constant pressure on your teeth to be corrected at the maximum speed. If it happens that on one side of your jaw elastics snaps and you don`t have with you reserve one, you should take off the one that is still standing on the other side of your jaw. That is recommended because pressure should be constant all the time at all your teeth – not to have the situation that your teeth are not corrected all at the same time.

Rubber Bands for Braces
Also, be careful with opening your mouth really wide – that can cause elastics to snap, too. All of these potential difficulties make some people using rubber bands for braces only during the night. It is much easier but the period of wearing it will be longer. How and when are you going to use rubber bands for braces is up to you, but for every decision that you make about it you should consult your orthodontist. If you follow his/hers instruction about the use of rubber bands for braces, your treatment will be shortened and your teeth and smile will be perfect in no time!
Ceramic or Metal Braces | Ceramic Braces
Faced with the fact that one must start with the dental treatment that includes braces, first question that comes to persons mind is: witch one to use, Ceramic or Metal Braces? There are many orthodontic braces on the market. Most common one is metal braces. People usually refer to them as traditional one. They are mostly used by kids. Also, very popular are ceramic braces. They are especially well accepted with the adults and young people because of the material they are made of. Ceramic braces are following the colour of patient`s teeth almost perfectly and that is making them pretty much unnoticeable. So, the period while you are actually using braces is not that stressful. It is also fact that patients are reporting ceramic braces as less painful and are easier to use.

Decision which one to choose should be based on the opinion of your dentist but it would be good if you should also consider next few very important details. For a start: how big is your problem? Is it serious medical problem or it is more question of your perfect smile? Then – how long your treatment will last? And finally – how much money you are willing to spend?
If we are speaking about medical impact, metal and ceramic braces are equally efficient. Both types of braces will correct your problem as much as it is possible, no meter your age. If your teeth are healthy they can be corrected. Then again, if you need some dentist surgery, you should consult your dentist is he/she is willing to make a procedure while you are using ceramic braces. Just try to collect enough information before making final decision.
Duration of treatment is going along with the question of your perfect smile. If you care about the appearance then it will be important for you how are you going to look during the treatment. In this case, again it is better to go for ceramic braces. With the white colour of ceramic and rubber bands, only one wire will be visible and there is even possibility to avoid this one wire too.

Ceramic or Metal Braces
Question of money is the one only you can give an answer to. In some cases metal one can be covered with the insurance but for the ceramic don`t count on it. Also ceramic cost more then a metal brace does. Check on few places, ask around. Find the best offer.
At the end it is difficult to say that ceramic are better than metal braces or vice versa. We can easily say that ceramic one look much, much better. So, if the look is important for you – it will be easy to make a decision. But then again, we can not forget the money issue and it is evident that ceramic braces are expensive than the metal one, take this into account, as well. But all in all, final decision should be made together with the professional: your dentist and orthodontist. So the question you need to decide is Ceramic or Metal Braces.

Ceramic Braces
In strictly medical point of view ceramic braces have the soul purpose to correct bite and appearance of person with crowded and crooked teeth and misaligned jaw. This kind of deformity can cause all sort of dental health problems – based on the fact that teeth in this state are very difficult to be cleaned properly. Also, misaligned jaw can cause a lot of pain. So, it is important to correct this condition even if person does not feel any acute problems. The only solutions to this problem are orthodontic braces.

There are several types of orthodontic braces but one thing they all have in common is that it is not easy to get used to feeling of a strange object in the mouth. It is not easy to look at yourself in the mirror and see reflection that you are not used to see – with all the metal and wires and it is not easy not to think about what other people will say when they see you with the braces.

Ceramic braces beside the medical impact on person`s health also have very subtle appearance. Segment of appearance is very important part of person`s dental treatment. This kind of braces are made of white ceramic with white rubber bands and they blend in with the colour of the person`s teeth perfectly. The feeling of ceramic braces in the mouth is much different than one metal braces are giving because of the material they are made of. Due to use of different material ceramic braces are much easier to use and they are much less noticeable then traditional one, yet they are effective in correction of teeth as much as metal ones.

Cleaning of ceramic braces is easy but requires some attention. Teeth should be cleaned after every meal and person should avoid food that can harm the braces, such as hard candies, nuts and similar hard to chew food. Also ceramic braces are suitable to change of colour especially with the persons who are drinking a lot of sodas, coffee, red wine and similar drinks. It would be helpful at least to use straw while taking this kind of drinks.

Ceramic Braces
Having in mind that ceramic braces are providing adequate treatment while not interfering with person`s look, and also acknowledging the fact that they are much easier to use – the price of it is higher than the price of usual metal braces. Making the decision which one to use person should have in mind that braces will be a part of their body and everyday life for some time.
================What are Lingual braces?

Lingual braces work in much the same way as their traditional counterparts. However there’s one important cosmetic difference; the lack of the usual metal supports on the front of your teeth. In the past braces could only be fit in a certain position; right on the front of your teeth but due to developments in dental technology this is no longer the case. The key difference with Lingual Braces is that they can be placed on the rear of your teeth, hiding the majority of the metal parts. This means that they can realign your teeth just as effectively as a traditional brace but without the aesthetic worries.

How are Lingual Braces fit?

Firstly, your dentist will need you to press your teeth into a mould in order to take an impression of them. This mould is then sent off to a specialist laboratory where each bracket in your lingual brace is custom made to fit your teeth. In order to help the brackets remain in the correct shape they are usually set in wax and kept safely inside a plastic applicator. During your follow-up visit your dentist will transfer the brackets to the back of your teeth and cement them in place. It’s usual to have several follow up visits with your dentist in order to monitor your progress.

Lingual braces have several advantages over their traditional counterparts. The main advantage is cosmetic, as Lingual braces aren’t visible from the front which makes them an excellent option for patients who wish to avoid the highly-visible traditional braces. In addition to being completely invisible, your lingual braces will strengthen and realign your teeth in the same time frame as traditional braces (which can vary from case to case but usually requires braces to be worn for a number of months). In many cases traditional braces aren’t suited to patients who play contact sports or certain wind instruments making Lingual braces the safest and most convenient option. Lingual braces can be used on patients of any age (as opposed to other types of invisible brace which have to be used early on in life) and are increasingly popular in older patients who want dental treatment without the orthodontic equipment interfering with their day to day life. Also, lingual braces can be a great alternative to patients who are sensitive to plastic and as such, can’t use any invisible braces made of it.

What’s it like living with Lingual Braces?

As not all orthodontists are trained in the use of Lingual braces there can be some issues which occur with access to treatment for follow-up visits. Wearing any kind of brace will have some affect on certain parts of your lifestyle and in addition, lingual braces usually tend to cost more than their traditional counterparts. This is due to the fact that the treatment requires specialist training, customised brackets and computer-aided design technology. Therefore it’s important to take all these factors into consideration and discuss them with your dentist before deciding to have the treatment. As lingual braces are placed on the inside surface of your teeth, they may take a while longer to adjust to than traditional braces. There can be issues with food getting trapped and catching your tongue on the brace but most patients fully adapt to having the brace within a few days. Patients with lingual braces can eat relatively normally but it’s important to avoid certain foods and snacks such as chewing gum or sticky toffee. Similarly it’s important to avoid hard foods and fizzy drinks and in some cases an excess of fruit juice can also cause damage your braces. It’s usual for your dentist to advise regular visits to the hygienist as it’s easier for food to become trapped in lingual braces, due to their position. Lingual braces may affect your speech and some patients develop a slight lisp or have problems forming certain words but this is usually temporary.

It may be necessary at some stage of the treatment to be assigned some extra dental gear to wear in the evenings or at night in order to provide extra pressure to your teeth to help them move in the right way. After the initial treatment period is finished you’re usually required to carry on using a retaining brace so your teeth won’t revert to their former position. This can either be fixed or removable and the length of time you’ll need to use this for varies greatly from case to case. Most patients wear braces for between 1 to 3 years before a positive result is achieved.

What results can I expect?

Your lingual brace will help aid your teeth to grow straight by applying small but continuous pressure to your teeth. After treatment you should see a noticeable cosmetic difference in the appearance of your teeth and any problems with crowding, gaps, overbites or underbites should be fixed.

Different kinds of Lingual Braces:

The two most popular lingual braces systems are Incognito Lingual Braces by 3M Unitek, and Harmony Lingual Braces by American Orthodontics.

For orthodontic treatment with lingual braces in Skokie, Glenview, Wilmette, Evanston, and Lincolnwood IL area visit our Skokie IL orthodontic office.

Singer featherweight Accessory Instructions: The Zipper Foot

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Quilter–– Gatherer –– Foot Hemmer –– Adjustable Hemmer –– Under Braider –– Ruffler –– Edge Stitcher –– Gathering Foot –– Tuck Marker –– 222 Embroidery/Darner Hoop –– 221 Darning/Embroidery –– Multi-slotted Binder ––Bias Gauge –– Cording Foot –– Seam Guide –– Automatic Zig-Zagger 161157 –– Automatic Zig-Zagger 160990 –– Blind Stitcher –– Buttonholer
THE ZIPPER FOOT (Part No. 16127)
The narrow Zipper Foot makes it easy to place stitching close to a raised edge — either a zipper or cording. Also, the hinge in the foot makes it ride easily over pins, heavy layers of fabric, or cross seams. Use the Zipper foot for: Zipper Insertions, Tabular Cording, Corded Seams, Slipcover Welting
To Attach the Zipper Foot
1. Loosen the large screw at the left of the presser bar and remove presser foot (You do not need to remove the screw).
2. Hook the prongs of the Zipper Foot around the presser bar from the back, and tighten the presser-bar screw.
3. If the raised edge (zipper or cording) is to the right of the needle, adjust the Zipper Foot by loosening the thumb screw at the back of the foot and sliding foot to the left of the needle. If the raised edge is to the left, slide foot to right.
4. With presser foot down, check its position by lowering needle into side notch, making sure it just clears the foot.
5. Tighten thumb screw to lock foot into position.
When raised edge is placed to right — adjust foot to left of needle.
When raised edge is placed to left — adjust foot to right of needle.
The Adjustable Hemmer
With its slide close, the attachment will make hems

up to one inch wide.Loosen the screw at the front and move the slide until the pointer is against the desired width, then tighten the screw. Insert the edge of the material between the slide and

the number gauge, and draw it backward and forward until the hem is formed, stopping with its end under the needle. Lower the presser bar and sew, taking care in guiding the work to keep the hemmer full.

To make a hem more than one inch wide, loosen the screw, draw the slide to the right as far as it will go, and turn it towards you. Fold and crease down a hem of the desired width, pass the fold

under the extension at the right of the hemmer, then insert the edge of the material into the folder, and proceed to sew.
Remove the presser foot and fit Feed Cover Plate No. 108002 over the feed dog by inserting the single prong into the long slot at
the front of the throat plate, .

pressing lightly on the cover plate until the two prongs engage in the slots at the rear of the throat plate. Attach Spring Darning Foot No. 121094, but do not tighten the thumb screw. Stretch tightly the article to be repaired in an embroidery hoop and place below the needle by tilting the edge of the hoop. Then lower the presser bar by means of its lifter, and adjust the height of the darning foot to allow just sufficient space for the free movement of the work. After adjustment, tighten the thumb screw securely. The hoop should be moved backward and forward by the hands and the hole or damaged part completely covered

with stitching in one direction before turning the work at a right angle and stitching across to complete the darn. When the machine is to be used again for plain stitching, replace the presser foot and remove the feed cover plate by inserting the blade of the small screw driver in the notch and twisting to the right, as shown in Fig. 52

For lace embroidery, i.e. open work, remove the presser foot and attach Feed Cover Plate 108002 and Spring Foot 121094.
For surface embroidery, where a clear view of the stitching is required, neither foot should be used.
The Bias Gauge will be found very useful (especially in the case of soft materials) when cutting bias strips from 7/16 inch to
1 3/8 inches in width.
This may be done by placing the bias gauge upon the point of the scissors and setting the blued indicator to the width desired.
The line F is the point at which to set the blued indicator for facings, the line B for binding, and the line C for cording or piping. Insert the material in the gauge with the edge against the blued indicator, and hold as shown. Bias binding for use with the Binder Attachment should be cut 15/16 inch wide, and to do this the indicator should be set midway between the lines F and B.
Singer Featherweight Embroidery/Darning Hoop
Thread or yarn comparable to that used into the material to be darned is recommended. Fine soft thread used with a fine needle will produce a soft, comfortable darn that will outwear the rest of the material. Draw up bobbin thread through needle hole in throat plate, leaving the end of thread M as shown in Fig. 69. Press down lever K to its lowest position by pulling its spring knob to release the lever from the keyway, which will drop the feed below the throat plate.
Set stitch regulator R to its neutral position at centre of slot as in Fig. 69
Fit spring darning and embroidery foot No. 171071 in place of the presser foot, taking care that extension C slips into slot D, lug P is above needle clamp Q as shown in Fig. 68, and that the needle passes through centre of hole in foot.
Large flat work can be more conveniently darned by using wooden embroidery hoops in which is stretched the article to be repaired. Smaller holes may be darned by the use of the special darning and embroidery hoop No. 171074.

These hoops are not supplied with the machine, but can be purchased separately

To fit hoop No. 171074 to the machine, remove solid ring E from split ring L and, while holding split ring and arm extension F at right angle to machine bed, slip hook G into rectangular hole H in throat plate. Raise foot lifter J and slide split ring L under the foot as shown in Fig. 69. Place material to be darned over split ring L and under the foot, so that the hole to be repaired is centred in the hoop. Raise foot lifter J and place solid ring E under the foot and over

the material, then press solid ring firmly into place in split ring.
When darning tubular work,

, loosen the thumb screw S and remove cloth plate by pulling it to the left.

Slide material to be darned over free end of arm N, under darning and embroidery foot and over split ring L.

Trim the hole to be darned so that a ragged edge will not be left when the darn is finished.

Run the machine slowly and move the hoop steadily with both hands in time with the needle, either back and forth or to the right and left.
After two or three stitches are made, cut off the loose ends of thread so that they will not be stitched into the darn.

It is advisable to make two or three rings of stitches around any large hole and then to start stitching from one side across to the other and gradually cover the hole with threads running in one direction.

When the hole is so covered, move the hoop in the other direction to complete the darn with a few lines of cross stitches.

After darning replace the presser foot for ordinary sewing, raise lever K to its highest position, and set stitch regulator to the required number of stitches.
Singer Featherweight Cording Foot
Presser feet for stitching on edge and inserting cord are made in two styles, 125035 for stitching on the left side of the needle, and 121877 adjustable for stitching on either the right or left side.
Both feet produce identical work, and the different styles meet the individual requirement of the operator.
For Edge Cording — fold the edge of the fabric over the cord and stitch close to the cord, guiding the work by hand.
For Corded Seams — fold the bias strip around the cord and insert the covered cord between the two pieces of fabric, with all raw edges together and the right sides of the fabric together. Then stitch close to the cord.
Singer Featherweight Gathering Foot
Material placed under the gatherer and stitched in the usual way will be slightly gathered. Any fabric that drapes well is especially suited for shirring with the

gatherer, generally with a long stitch and tight tension. To increase the fullnes of the gathers, lengthen the stitch. To decrease the fullness, shorten the stitch. With the gatherer, it is possible to shirr in narrow rows as shown in Fig. 33. The material may be guided as easily as when sewing with the presser foot. Fine materials, such as batiste, silk or net, may be very attractivelt shirred. Where only a slight fullnes is required, as at the top of a sleeve or around the neck, the gatherer will be found very convenient.

A very pleasing effect may be gained by using thread or embroidery silk of contrasting colour on the bobbin. Fig. 35 shows a white organdie collar and cuff set with red and green smocking made with the gatherer, using fine crochet cotton or tatting thread on top and white cotton on the bobbin.
Singer Featherweight Quilter GuideThe quilter guide can be used at either the right or left of the needle, and the distance of the guide from the needle determines the width between the rows of stitching.
Slide the wire into its holder on the foot, and set it to the width desired; then lower the foot on to the material.
To Quilt — For the first row of stitching, let the quilter guide follow the edge of the material, a straight crease, or a line, as preferred. Succeeding rows are made straight and at a uniform distance by keeping the previous row steadily under the guide, as shown.

Singer Featherweight Zipper Foot
THE ZIPPER FOOT (Part No. 16127)
The narrow Zipper Foot makes it easy to place stitching close to a raised edge — either a zipper or cording. Also, the hinge in the foot makes it ride easily over pins, heavy layers of fabric, or cross seams. Use the Zipper foot for: Zipper Insertions, Tabular Cording, Corded Seams, Slipcover Welting
To Attach the Zipper Foot
1. Loosen the large screw at the left of the presser bar and remove presser foot (You do not need to remove the screw).
2. Hook the prongs of the Zipper Foot around the presser bar from the back, and tighten the presser-bar screw.
3. If the raised edge (zipper or cording) is to the right of the needle, adjust the Zipper Foot by loosening the thumb screw at the back of the foot and sliding foot to the left of the needle. If the raised edge is to the left, slide foot to right.
4. With presser foot down, check its position by lowering needle into side notch, making sure it just clears the foot.
5. Tighten thumb screw to lock foot into position.
When raised edge is placed to right — adjust foot to left of needle.
When raised edge is placed to left — adjust foot to right of needle.


Singer Featherweight Tuck Marker
Fit the tuckmarker, as shown in Fig. 56. The attachment has two figured scales, that in front (the space scale) in eighths and the central clip (the tuck scale) in sixteenths of an inch.

The tuck scale determines the width of the tuck. For instance, if this is required to be 1/4 inch, loosen the back thumb screw and slide the guide until its straight edge is over the figure 2, then tighten the screw. By loosening the front thumb screw, the space scale may be moved in either direction to give the desired width between the lines of stitching. For instance, if 1/4 inch tucks are wanted with 1/4 inch clear space between each, the space scale should show the figure 3 exactly in line with the needle hole; or if no space is required, then the figure 2. When the required width is obtained tighten the thumb screw.

To operate the tuckmarker is exceedingly simple. Fold the material by hand and place it in the attachment by passing the folded edge over the upright marking point below the left hand end of the space scale, then between the tuck guide and below the foot.
The lever on the top must also be down in position, as in Fig. 56, and the edge of the fold up against the small guide. Lower the presser bar lifter and sew as usual, being careful to keep the folded edge against the guide. When the first tuck is completed the material will be found creased for the second tuck. Fold the material at the crease and, with its plain side uppermost, proceed as before. When making the last tuck, raise the lever so that it does not press on the space scale. In this position no crease for a succeeding tuck is made in the material.
Use the table below to assist you in setting the Tucker
Guide Space Scale
1/8″ tucks with no space 1 1
1/8″ tucks with 1/8″ space 1 1 1/2
1/4″ tucks with no space 2 2
1/4″ tucks with 1/4″ space 2 3
1/2″ tucks with no space 4 4
1/2″ tucks with 1/2″ space 4 6
1″ tucks with no space 8 8

Introducing the Super Easy Machine Needle Threader
We are so excited to now offer the Super Easy Machine Needle Threader for your Singer Featherweight. This will work on ALL household sewing machines, too, but we are partial to our Featherweights, aren’t we?! As an added bonus, it not only is helpful as a needle threader, but it easily inserts the needle, too!

Working with many needle threaders through the years, we were tickled to have a fellow Featherweight friend from Texas show us this particular style this summer when we were on our Featherweight Maintenance Workshop Tour. Thank you, David! This gadget is fantastic!

Let’s begin with the needle insertion:

To insert a needle in the needle clamp on the machine, first place the needle in the hole on the one end of the needle inserter, making sure the flat side of the needle shaft faces LEFT. This will help hold the needle steady for you as well!

Place the needle into the needle clamp shaft and raise the needle so that it’s as high as it will go. You can double check this if you want by applying pressure with your finger nail at the needle point.

With the needle threader still holding the needle in place, tighten the needle clamp as tight as you can.

Remove the needle inserter and double-check that the needle clamp is tightened all the way down.

This is important…slowly turn the handwheel towards you by hand to make sure the needle goes up and down smoothly and doesn’t hit the bobbin assembly. If the needle is hitting something as it goes down, then most likely the needle is not all the way up into the shaft and you will need to adjust it accordingly.

NOW, for the fun and exciting part! Let’s thread our Featherweight needle easily!

Hold the needle threader with the white hook and little blue arrow facing up.

Slip the thread strand horizontally into the “Y-groove” of the pusher.

Place the needle threader so that the needle is vertically into the shaft of the Y groove.

Holding the thread fairly loose, gently press the needle threader against the needle and slide the pusher down shaft of the needle until the inner wire catches of the eye of the needle.

Push the grip to insert thread into the eye.

Slowly remove pusher from the needle.

Insert top white hook in the thread loop and pull the thread all the way through the needle.

Now wasn’t that SUPER EASY!

** Note -Needle insertion may vary with machine model depending on the machine requirement for the flat side of the needle. Be sure to turn the tool as needed for correct needle insertion. (i.e. The flat side of the needle faces LEFT on a Singer Featherweight, but on newer machine models the flat side of the needle usually faces towards the back.)